by Sebastián Bianchi
The Heeres-Flakabzeichen was instituted by the OKH on July 18, 1941 and was designed by the firm of Ernst Wilhelm Peekhaus of Berlin. Members of flak batteries, sound-locator crews, and searchlight crews in a support role were also qualified to earn the award.
Manufacturing and Technical information
The badge consisted of an 88mm flak gun surrounded by a wreath of oakleaves and a national emblem at the top. Eight leaves make up the wreath, four per side, with an acorn positioned between each leaf. The 88mm gun faces right and the barrel extends beyond the right side of the wreath.
Original examples have excellent details and were produced in a single piece unlike their Luftwaffe counterparts. The badge was solid backed or semi-hollow with a thin vertical pin and retaining clasp on the rear. Any die struck badges should be looked upon with suspicion.
Presentation, Wear and Documents
Authorization of the award was given by commanders holding the rank of General der Artillerie or higher. Regulations stated it was to be worn on the left breast pocket. If worn in conjunction with the General Assault Badge, it was to be positioned to the left.
The standard document was printed in a variety of styles and contained the date of authorization, name, rank, and unit of the recipient. The signature of General grade officer and official service stamp were at the bottom.
The Heer Flak Badge was awarded via a point system, with 16 being the requisite. Four points were awarded to the battery credited with downing an enemy aircraft without support. If other batteries assisted only two points were awarded. Searchlight or sound locator crews, working in conjunction with flak batteries, which were credited with a first detection, were awarded one point. T he award could also be given, regardless of points, for bravery or merit in conducting an anti-aircraft mission.
Officers, NCO's and enlisted men were eligible for the award. It was bestowed upon unit commanders once half the men under their command had received it.
\Unlike its Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine counterparts, the Heeres-Flakabzeichen was awarded for attacks on air targets only. Crewmembers who participated in a sufficient number of ground assaults were awarded the General Assault Badge. When the badges were worn at the same time the Heer Flak Badge was worn to the left.
© Copyright Wehrmacht-Awards.com LLC